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Marcel GROMAIRE - L'âtre

Marcel GROMAIRE L'âtre  
Marcel GROMAIRE - L'âtre
oil on canvas - 1966
100 x 81 cm. - 39,37 x 31,89 inches

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Galerie de la Présidence
Tel. : +33(0)1 42 65 49 60

Spokesman for independent art from 1920 to 1950, Gromaire is one of the most original and powerful artists of this century. He worked independently of the groups, the current trends and the schools, as did R. Dufy and Rouault, without giving in to the trends of the time.
His intellectual reasoning and the deep impression that he left on many students are an example of his simultaneously being a constant force yet before his time in French painting between 1920 and 1960. All of these qualities guaranty him a great place in art history, even though he has not yet achieved the honours that he deserves.

Marcel Gromaire was born in 1892 in Noyelles-sur-Sambre (in the north of France).
After completing classical studies in Douai, then in Paris where his father was a high school teacher, he completed a legal degree, a career that he abandoned shortly afterwards.
1910: he frequented various studios in Montparnasse.
1912: he completed his military service in Lille. War broke out, he spent six years in the army and was injured in the Battle of the Somme.
Upon his return to Paris in 1919, he became the cinematography critic for the newspaper "Crapouillot". He also did illustrations for the publication "Le Nouveau Spectateur".

In 1920, Gromaire´s notoriety was established and he met Doctor Girardin who, for the next 10 years, contracted Gromaire and purchased the entirety of his work. Upon his death in 1953, Doctor Girardin bequeathed 78 of Gromaire´s oils as well as many watercolours to the Museum of Modern Art of Paris (Musée d'art moderne de la ville de Paris).
In 1925, Gromaire moved to Villa Seurat and started to write his own personal notes ("Peinture" - 1921-1939, published in 1980, Denoël Publications) which he continued to do until his death in 1971. He successfully exhibited "La Guerre" in the Salon des Indépendants.

1933: retrospective at the Kunsthalle of Basel: a consecration.
1937: The Universal Exhibition in Paris : Gromaire creates an important mural decoration for the Pavillon de Sèvres.
From 1939 to 1944, he lived at Aubusson and participated in the renovation of the art of tapestry with Jean Lurçat.
From 1947 on wards, he exhibited at the Louis Carré Gallery.
1950: he was nominated as a Professor at the Ecole Nationale Superieure des arts décoratifs where he remained until 1962.
1950: he went to the United States as a jury member of the Carnegie Prize, awarded that year to Jacques Villon. This same prize was awarded to Gromaire in 1952.
1954: he was decorated as a Commander of the Legion d´Honneur.
1956: he was awarded the Guggenheim National Prize and, in 1958 the Grand Prix National des Arts.
1971: death of Marcel Gromaire at the age of 79.